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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law$
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Kevin Jon Heller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001

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From the IMT to the Zonal Trials

From the IMT to the Zonal Trials

(p.9) 1 From the IMT to the Zonal Trials
The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the creation of the OCC, the organization responsible for overseeing the twelve Nuremberg Military Tribunal (NMT) trials. Section 1 discusses the approval of JCS 1023/10, the directive issued by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in July 1945 that first authorized the U.S. military to conduct trials in the American zone of occupation. Section 2 addresses the Allied Control Council's enactment of Control Council Law No. 10, the U.S. decision to create the NMTs, and Telford Taylor's appointment as the head of the Subsequent Proceedings Division (SPD), the forerunner to the OCC. Section 3 examines the early logistical issues that limited the SPD's ability to create a comprehensive prosecutorial program, the most important of which was the prospect of a second International Military Tribunal trial. Throughout, the chapter emphasizes the role debates over whether industrialists should be prosecuted for international crimes played in the development of the Allied war-crimes program.

Keywords:   Telford Taylor, zonal trials, IMT, Nuremberg Trial, Allied War-Crimes Program, JCS 1023/10, Control Council

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