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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law$
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Kevin Jon Heller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001

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The OCC and the Tribunals

The OCC and the Tribunals

(p.25) 2 The OCC and the Tribunals
The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the structure of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMTs), which conducted the twelve NMT trials. Section 1 examines Ordinance No. 7, the military directive that established the NMT and specified its evidentiary and procedural rules. Section 2 explores the structure and funding of the tribunals' prosecutorial wing, Telford Taylor's OCC. Section 3 focuses on the Military Tribunals themselves — their location; the structure and function of their administrative section, the Central Secretariat; and the selection of judges. The chapter also begins the discussion of the significant effect the Cold War had on the trials by examining the allegations made by American senators that the OCC was overrun by communists — allegations that were often based on thinly-veiled anti-Semitism.

Keywords:   OCC, Secretariat, Cold War, Nuremberg Military Tribunals, anti-Semitism, Trial Teams, Ordinance No. 7

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