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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law$
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Kevin Jon Heller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

The Evolution of the Trial Program

The Evolution of the Trial Program

Chapter:
(p.43) 3 The Evolution of the Trial Program
Source:
The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law
Author(s):

Kevin Jon Heller

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0004

Although Telford Taylor's initial forecast called for at least thirty-six trials involving at least 266 defendants, the OCC ultimately managed to hold only twelve trials involving 185 defendants. This chapter explains that dramatic reduction. Section 1 focuses on the OCC's early planning, describing how the OCC determined which of the nearly 100,000 war-crimes suspects detained pursuant to JCS 1023/10 were eligible to be prosecuted in the zonal trials and examining the general principles the OCC used to group those potential defendants into particular cases. Section 2 then traces the gradual evolution of the OCC's actual trial program, explaining how the OCC selected the twelve trials and explaining why, for various reasons, it decided to abandon a number of other cases.

Keywords:   Telford Taylor, trial program, logistical problems, planning process, abandoned trials, selection of defendants

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