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The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law$
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Kevin Jon Heller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554317

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001

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The Evolution of the Trial Program

The Evolution of the Trial Program

(p.43) 3 The Evolution of the Trial Program
The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Oxford University Press

Although Telford Taylor's initial forecast called for at least thirty-six trials involving at least 266 defendants, the OCC ultimately managed to hold only twelve trials involving 185 defendants. This chapter explains that dramatic reduction. Section 1 focuses on the OCC's early planning, describing how the OCC determined which of the nearly 100,000 war-crimes suspects detained pursuant to JCS 1023/10 were eligible to be prosecuted in the zonal trials and examining the general principles the OCC used to group those potential defendants into particular cases. Section 2 then traces the gradual evolution of the OCC's actual trial program, explaining how the OCC selected the twelve trials and explaining why, for various reasons, it decided to abandon a number of other cases.

Keywords:   Telford Taylor, trial program, logistical problems, planning process, abandoned trials, selection of defendants

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