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The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea$
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Joan E. Taylor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554485

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.001.0001

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Philo of Alexandria

Philo of Alexandria

(p.22) 2 Philo of Alexandria
The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Joan E. Taylor

Oxford University Press

In Probus and the Hypothetica Philo of Alexandria esteems the Essenes as models of excellence within Judaism, giving them special praise for their communality, self-control, frugality and purity. He creates a paradigm of elderly/mature men who are at a superior level of advancement within Judaism. Rejecting cohabitation with wives, they embrace a celibate lifestyle in their latter years, and live together as an autonomous society. They are admired by both the Herodian rulers and the common people, though they were in opposition to the previous rulers, the Hasmoneans.

Keywords:   Essenes, Philo of Alexandria, Probus, Hypothetica, celibate, Herodian rulers, Hasmoneans

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