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Europeanism$
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John McCormick

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199556212

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2022

Europe in the World: Towards Perpetual Peace

Europe in the World: Towards Perpetual Peace

Chapter:
(p.191) 8 Europe in the World: Towards Perpetual Peace
Source:
Europeanism
Author(s):

John McCormick (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.003.0009

Chapter 8 examines the qualities of Europeanism as they relate to perceptions about relations between Europe and the rest of the world. After centuries of assertion—expressed most obviously by colonialism and imperialism—post‐war Europe has fundamentally altered the way it sees itself in the world. Europeans have emphasized Kantian peace and cooperation in their dealings with each other, while on the global stage they have switched away from reliance on military power towards civilian power. They have also adopted a combination of hard and soft power tools, now increasingly described as smart power, or an adept use of a balance of coercion and encouragement. Europeanism champions internationalism, engagement, diplomacy, and multilateralism, not—as some would have us believe—because they no longer can afford large militaries, but because their history has suggested to them the futility of a reliance on militarism, and instead encouraged them to seek the achievement of perpetual and positive peace.

Keywords:   perpetual peace, Kantian, civilian power, smart power, multilateralism, positive peace

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