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A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume II1785-1858$
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Julie Coleman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199557103

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557103.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Francis Grose’s Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

Francis Grose’s Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

Chapter:
(p.14) 1 Francis Grose’s Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue
Source:
A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume II
Author(s):

JULIE COLEMAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557103.003.0002

This chapter looks at Francis Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1785), a shrewd appeal to the concerns of its time. Grose appears to have compiled and edited his dictionary alphabetically, suggesting that he made notes from his sources and later arranged them in the order they were to appear in his word-list. His etymologies display little knowledge of languages other than English. This ‘good-humoured antiquary and philologist’ (as he was described in Gentleman's Magazine) was certainly the most sensitive and perceptive recorder of contemporary slang and colloquial language of his age. He dominated the whole character and trend of slang during the last three decades of the 18th century as well as the first two decades of the 19th century.

Keywords:   Francis Grose, word-list, dictionaries, cant, jargon, slang, colloquial language, vulgar language

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