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Christian Identity, Jews, and Israel in 17th-Century England$
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Achsah Guibbory

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199557165

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557165.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 March 2021

Anglicans and Royalists at War and in Exile

Anglicans and Royalists at War and in Exile

(p.121) 4 Anglicans and Royalists at War and in Exile
Christian Identity, Jews, and Israel in 17th-Century England

Achsah Guibbory

Oxford University Press

Royalists thought they were the true Israel and turned to the Hebrew Bible and Israelite analogies to create an ‘Anglican’ identity during the 1640s and 1650s for those who remained loyal to both monarchy and an English Church that had been dismantled by Parliament. Devotions and collections of psalms appeared, to be used by loyal subjects of Charles I, who was now identified with biblical David—an identity further elaborated by Eikon Basilike and Royalist pamphlets after the King's execution. But the narrative Royalists found most compelling was the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 bce and the subsequent Babylonian exile of the Jews. Psalms and Lamentations expressed Royalist grief about exile and destruction of their Temple. There was interest in Judaica and the Jewish Temple. The chapter discusses poetry by Cowley, Harvey, Herrick, Vaughan, and Crashaw but also publications by Thomas Fuller, John Lightfoot, Thomas Godwin, and John Gregory.

Keywords:   psalms, David, Charles I, Christopher Harvey, Herrick, Vaughan, Babylonian exile, Lamentations, the Temple, Anglicans

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