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Christian Identity, Jews, and Israel in 17th-Century England$
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Achsah Guibbory

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199557165

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557165.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 March 2021

Revisiting the Question of Jewish Readmission

Revisiting the Question of Jewish Readmission

(p.220) 7 Revisiting the Question of Jewish Readmission
Christian Identity, Jews, and Israel in 17th-Century England

Achsah Guibbory

Oxford University Press

This chapter reexamines the controversy over readmission of the Jews in light of both the idea that England was Israel and the challenge of radical religion. The tense relation between Jewish messianism, Christian millenarianism, and conservative Protestantism appears in the controversy surrounding the Whitehall Conference Cromwell called in 1655. Controversy centered on the question of Jewish conversion, and disagreement about what Paul meant when he said ‘all Israel’ would be saved. The chapter analyzes writings by Menasseh ben Israel, Henry Jessey, John Dury, Arise Evans, Roger Williams, and Prynne. Presbyterians opposed readmission, believing religious radicalism had already contaminated England with ‘Judaism.’ Support for the Jews came from religious radicals (especially Quakers), who did not identify Israel with the nation. Margaret Fell wrote pamphlets to the Jews, hoping to convert them, yet others like George Fox and Dury expressed sharply anti–Jewish attitudes, showing the limits of toleration.

Keywords:   Cromwell, Menasseh ben Israel, Whitehall Conference, Prynne, Quakers, Margaret Fell, George Fox, John Dury, conversion, toleration

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