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Law and Values in the European Union$
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Stephen Weatherill

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199557264

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557264.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Who is the Citizen of the Union?

Who is the Citizen of the Union?

(p.363) 7 Who is the Citizen of the Union?
Law and Values in the European Union

Stephen Weatherill

Oxford University Press

This chapter illustrates that each national of a Member State shall be a Citizen of the Union (Articles 9 TEU and 20(1) TFEU). Citizenship of a modern European State comes with a range of well-recognized rights and duties. All States have different detailed frameworks, but the idea of the individual citizen’s intimate connection with, and expected allegiance to, his or her State is missing at the EU level. Articles 9 TEU and 20(1) TFEU also provide that Union citizenship ‘shall be additional to and not replace national citizenship’. It is but a supplement; though on a more positive note, EU citizenship strengthens State citizenship with a set of entitlements and protection that extend beyond that which can be provided at the national level. The chapter aims to provide an understanding of the scope of protection granted by EU law, as well as its relationship with national law.

Keywords:   EU citizenship, State citizenship, EU law, national law, Article 9 TEU, Article 20(1) TFEU, State allegiance

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