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Marine Ecosystems and Global Change$
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Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

Climate forcing on marine ecosystems

Climate forcing on marine ecosystems

(p.11) Chapter 2 Climate forcing on marine ecosystems
Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Ken Drinkwater

George Hunt

Patrick Lehodey

Salvador Lluch-Cota

Eugene J. Murphy

Yasunori Sakurai

Frank Schwing

Gregory Beaugrand

Sundby Svein

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the role of climate variability and change and their effects on the marine environment. As the frequency of physical forcing increases, the biological changes progress from local effects on individuals at synoptic weather scales, towards regional effects on population dynamics at monthly to decadal scales, and over and across basins on systems ecology at multidecadal timescales and longer. The nature of the impact is size‐ and age‐dependent with generally greater and more rapid impacts on the smaller and younger individuals. The use of large‐scale climate indices to link climate forcing with ecological responses is highlighted as are the insights gained through comparative studies between ecosystems or between fish populations that inhabit different hydrographic regimes.

Keywords:   climate, climate indices, regime shifts, marine ecosystems, climate impacts, temperature, teleconnections

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