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Marine Ecosystems and Global Change$
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Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

Interactions between changes in marine ecosystems and human communities

Interactions between changes in marine ecosystems and human communities

(p.221) Chapter 8 Interactions between changes in marine ecosystems and human communities
Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

R. Ian Perry

Rosemary E. Ommer

Edward H. Allison

Marie‐Caroline Badjeck

Manuel Barange

Lawrence Hamilton

Astrid Jarre

Renato A. Quiñones

U. Rashid Sumaila

Oxford University Press

Humans are integral parts of marine social—ecological systems. Changes in marine ecosystems impact human communities, and changes in human communities impact marine ecosystems. The interactive nature of these systems is the key to their understanding and governance. This chapter focuses on communities with small‐scale fisheries interacting with their local and regional marine ecosystems. It asks what contributes to high or low resilience to global changes, and considers the intensity of changes, the exposure of the human community, and the ability of the community to cope and adapt. Two additional themes run through the chapter: value, including both monetary and non‐monetary (e.g. cultural) values; and scale, in particular scale mismatches between non‐human marine ecosystems, fishing communities, and their governance systems. Understanding what makes marine social—ecological systems resilient or vulnerable in a world of increasing uncertainty requires the collaborative efforts of natural and social scientists, resource users and managers, and the larger resource community.

Keywords:   human communities, resilience, vulnerability, adaptive capacity, scale, value governance, food security, climate change, GLOBEC

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