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Third World ProtestBetween Home and the World$
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Rahul Rao

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199560370

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560370.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 May 2021

Indigenous Insurgents and Rioting Ryots

Indigenous Insurgents and Rioting Ryots

(p.139) 5 Indigenous Insurgents and Rioting Ryots
Third World Protest

Rahul Rao (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The chapter considers the articulation of class and national consciousness in the protest sensibilities of two contemporary movements of ‘anti‐globalization’ protest—the Zapatistas in Mexico and the Karnataka State Farmers' Association in India. The lack of opportunities for political contention in domestic venues gives social movements incentives to frame their grievances in cosmopolitan terms. Yet they also have multiple uses for nationalism. Nationalism helps obscure differences of interest and/or identity amongst domestic groups, enabling the formation of alliances with other subaltern groups or across class lines. Such nationalisms are often deployed against the postcolonial state, employing a rhetoric of betrayal that accuses the state of having prioritized the interests of transnational capital over those of the nation and attempting to ‘re‐nationalize’ what neo‐Gramscians call the ‘transnationalized’ state. Rather than being antithetical to one another, cosmopolitan class consciousness and nationalist identification are conjoined in contemporary struggles for global social redistribution.

Keywords:   class, nation, cosmopolitanism, nationalism, Marx, anti‐globalization, Zapatistas, Karnataka State Farmers' Association (Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha), framing, social movement

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