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Marriage and RevolutionMonsieur and Madame Roland$
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Siân Reynolds

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199560424

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560424.001.0001

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August–September 1792

August–September 1792

Invasion and Massacre

(p.191) 20 August–September 1792
Marriage and Revolution

Siân Reynolds

Oxford University Press

The ministers cooperate over emergency measures, but invasion fears trigger the September massacres in Paris: impromptu trials and brutal executions of many prisoners, including clerics or common law offenders, suspected of a ‘prison plot’. The Paris Commune (municipality) of 10 August appears to approve the massacres, issuing arrest warrants (not pursued) for Roland and Brissot. Authorities, including Roland and Danton – who do not see eye to eye – fail to stop the killings, but Roland speaks out publicly on 3 September: the validity of accusations of his complicity or tolerance are discussed. These events underlie later conflict between the Paris Commune and the Interior minister. Roland, elected to the Convention for the Somme, chooses instead to stay at ministry: his reasons are discussed here and below. Invasion fears are quietened by the battle of Valmy.

Keywords:   invasion, September massacres, Paris Commune, arrest, Danton, elections, Convention, ministry, Valmy

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