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Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To ProtectWho Should Intervene?$
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James Pattison

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561049

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.001.0001

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Effectiveness and the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach

Effectiveness and the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach

(p.69) 3 Effectiveness and the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach
Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect

James Pattison

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the importance of an intervener's effectiveness. It outlines and defends the ‘Moderate Instrumentalist Approach’. This holds that an intervener's effectiveness is the primary determinant of its legitimacy. More specifically, it distinguishes between three types of effectiveness—internal effectiveness, global external effectiveness, and local external effectiveness—and goes on to argue that effectiveness is a necessary condition of an intervener's legitimacy. The second part of this chapter fleshes out the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach in more detail. It considers what sort of timescale and comparison should be used to measure an agent's effectiveness (and, consequently, considers the importance of intervention being the last resort), and delineates the qualities that an intervener needs to possess in order to be effective. The end of the chapter considers two alternative approaches. The first, the ‘Non‐instrumentalist Approach’, holds that an intervener's effectiveness is of little moral concern. The second approach gives exclusive weight to an intervener's effectiveness—the ‘Extreme Instrumentalist Approach’.

Keywords:   basic rights, consequentialism, effectiveness, humanitarian intervention, last resort, legitimacy, moderate instrumentalist approach

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