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Marianne or Germania?Nationalizing Women in Alsace, 1870-1946$
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Elizabeth Vlossak

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561117

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561117.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 September 2021

Schooling the Step-Daughters of Germania: Education and the Press, 1871–1914

Schooling the Step-Daughters of Germania: Education and the Press, 1871–1914

(p.46) 1 Schooling the Step-Daughters of Germania: Education and the Press, 1871–1914
Marianne or Germania?

Elizabeth Vlossak

Oxford University Press

German nation-building in the Reichsland was initiated through the establishment of a compulsory primary school system for all boys and girls. This chapter explores the gendering of lessons and textbooks, and questions the extent to which primary education successfully Germanized its female pupils. It also looks at reforms made by the state and women activists to girls' secondary schools, and the role played by women teachers who were seen as either agents of nation-building or potential enemies of the Reich. The second part of the chapter analyses several regional women's newspapers and journals, which served as educational supplements for housewives and mothers. The press was also a potential means of nationalizing the women of Alsace, by linking the regional with the national, the private with the public, and thus incorporating them into the ‘imagined community’ of German women.

Keywords:   Reichsland, primary schools, gendering of education, secondary school reforms, women teachers, newspapers, public sphere, imagined community

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