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Marianne or Germania?Nationalizing Women in Alsace, 1870-1946$
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Elizabeth Vlossak

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561117

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561117.001.0001

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(p.292) Conclusion
Marianne or Germania?

Elizabeth Vlossak

Oxford University Press

The image of the Alsatian woman continues to be used as a cultural emblem, yet her historical and political significance, whether real or invented, has largely been forgotten. Moreover, Alsatian memory and the French memory of Alsace have become almost exclusively masculine. This masculinization is especially apparent in the way Alsatians remember the period of Nazi re-annexation. The representatives of Nazi oppression are the tragic Malgré-nous, Alsatians and Mosellans drafted by force into the Wehrmacht, while women's experiences and collective identity fall outside the realm of national memory and commemoration. Marianne or Germania concludes by questioning this continued exclusion. As the book has demonstrated, by taking a gendered approach to Alsace's fascinating history, in which both men and women have played a variety of roles, we gain further insight into the complexities of German and French nation-building, and the processes of national identity formation.

Keywords:   collective memory, commemoration, masculinization, Malgré-nous, gender, national identity formation

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