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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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The Rising of 1641 and The Catholic Confederacy, 1641–5

The Rising of 1641 and The Catholic Confederacy, 1641–5

(p.289) Chapter XI The Rising of 1641 and The Catholic Confederacy, 1641–5
A New History of Ireland

Patrick J. Corish

Oxford University Press

The 1641 rebellion was primarily a movement of the Old Irish of Ulster to overthrow the plantation and restore Catholicism. The Ulster colony had become strongly entrenched — a protestant community, comprising all social classes, whose influence was Scottish in origin, presbyterian in religion, and therefore in dispute with the established church. The confederate Catholics of Ireland was not a confederation in the sense to which the word later came to be restricted. Though what happened in Kilkenny in 1642 might give an impression that it was a confederation or alliance between two parties, the Old Irish and the Old English, what really happened was that a number of the king's subjects came together as individuals and bound themselves by oath to work together to redress certain grievances. In Ireland, as in Scotland, the confederation had a religious basis, because it was as Catholics that the Irish had been subjected to various religious and political disabilities.

Keywords:   1641 rebellion, Old Irish, Ulster, Catholicism, confederate Catholics of Ireland, Kilkenny, Old English

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