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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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Ormond, Rinuccini, and the Confederates, 1645–9

Ormond, Rinuccini, and the Confederates, 1645–9

(p.317) Chapter XII Ormond, Rinuccini, and the Confederates, 1645–9
A New History of Ireland

Patrick J. Corish

Oxford University Press

The Old English of the Pale followed the Old Irish into rebellion, but only after obtaining from them a public avowal of their loyalty to the crown. The confederate Catholics emerged, fighting for its liberties against English power while declaring its allegiance to the English king. The idea took shape in a provisional government and a representative assembly at Kilkenny. The Old English was eager to reach a moderate settlement with Charles I as soon as possible, the Old Irish, led by Owen Roe O’Neill and supported by a papal nuncio, Archbishop Rinuccini, demanded complete freedom for their church and the restoration of their former lands in Ulster. An army sent from Scotland to the help of the Scottish colony in Ulster took its own line and limited its activities to that region, but generally supported the parliamentary forces. The situation remained confused and unstable till after the final defeat of Charles I and the replacement of the monarchy in 1649.

Keywords:   Old English, Old Irish, confederate Catholics, Charles I, Owen Roe O'Neill, Archbishop Rinuccini

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