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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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The Restoration, 1660–85

The Restoration, 1660–85

(p.420) Chapter XVII The Restoration, 1660–85
A New History of Ireland

J. G. Simms

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the restoration of the monarchy under the Charles II and the events that took place during the reign. The land question was a major preoccupation throughout the reign, and no satisfactory solution to it was found. Even before Charles's return to England, Cromwellians and Catholics had begun to press their respective claims. A number of named individuals were singled out for preferential treatment, either on account of special merit or because they had served faithfully under the king's ensigns. By the end of Charles II's reign the country had made a remarkable recovery from the devastation caused by war and civil strife. Many Protestants and a considerable number of Catholics had benefited from stable conditions and an expanding economy. The prosperity in which some Catholics shared rested on a narrow base of protestant privilege, secured by the land settlement, the legal system, a monopoly of political and administrative power, and the support of the English government.

Keywords:   Charles II, restoration, Cromwellians, Catholics, Protestants, land, land settlement, legal system

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