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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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Land and People, c. 1685

Land and People, c. 1685

(p.454) Chapter XVIII Land and People, c. 1685
A New History of Ireland

J. H. Andrews

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the land system and urban and rural settlements in Ireland. Ulster had long been placed well below the national average in both economic promise and performance, but by the 1680s it was reputed the most populous of all the provinces. Landholding arrangements of varying age and origin continued to subsist among the tenantry in areas of English as well as Irish influence. The Old English Catholics were still prominent in towns that had stood apart from the main stream of recent immigration, and there was a considerable ‘new Irish’ element of traders and urban working men. The new towns of the 17th century were altogether more regular and uniform. Their streets were wider, straighter, and more rationally grouped, with public buildings sited in conspicuous positions; their over-all population density was lower than that of the old towns, and their suburbs were comparatively small.

Keywords:   Ulster, land, landholding, Old English Catholics, new towns, old towns, suburbs

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