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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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Pacification, Plantation, and The Catholic Question, 1603–23

Pacification, Plantation, and The Catholic Question, 1603–23

(p.187) Chapter VII Pacification, Plantation, and The Catholic Question, 1603–23
A New History of Ireland

Aidan Clarke

R. Dudley Edwards

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the anglicisation of Ireland. In its early years, James's government was without significant support in Ireland. Most of those who professed loyalty to it opposed its policies. Its aim was the evolutionary transformation of the total Irish environment. The Ulster plantation changed this entire emphasis. When the undertakers and servitors were chosen and endowed, a new aristocracy was created. Its task was primarily to establish a Protestant colony to counterbalance the Catholic one and lend ever-growing local support to the administration, and only secondarily to accelerate the Anglicisation of the Irish, as the principle of segregation frankly acknowledged. The information collected by the commissioners in 1622 made it plain that the broad constructive hopes with which James's reign had begun had ended in comprehensive failure, characterised in every sphere by the same sacrifice of public to private interest.

Keywords:   Ireland, Ulster plantation, Anglisation, principle of segregation, James

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