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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021



(p.1) Introduction
Urban Ecology

Jari Niemelä

Jürgen Breuste

Thomas Elmqvist

Glenn Guntenspergen

Philip James

Nancy McIntyre

Oxford University Press

This book provides a foundation for a theory of urban ecology by analysing the ecological and socio-ecological patterns and process in urban landscapes. It looks into the complexities of urban socio-ecological systems and how such systems function and interact. It argues that cities, owing to the density and diversity of their human population, are also the places where innovative and adaptive urban planning scenarios can be developed. It discusses the history and development of urban ecology as a scientific discipline, the applications of urban ecological understanding in land-use planning, and how ecological processes are impacted by urbanisation. Furthermore, it examines the impact of humans on wildlife in the urban setting, along with the usefulness of the ecosystem and ecosystem services approach in such a setting. Finally, the book considers the use of financial incentives, regulation, and targets to build urban biodiversity.

Keywords:   urban ecology, urban landscapes, cities, urban planning, land-use planning, urbanisation, ecosystem services, ecological processes, wildlife, biodiversity

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