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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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Urban Ecology

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

Oxford University Press

This section has explored how the dynamics of urban landscapes influence vegetation and wildlife, the general patterns occurring in urban habitats, and the relationships and interactions existing in urban ecosystems. It emphasises the importance of understanding the fundamental role of biotic and physical drivers as well as the physical infrastructure and social drivers in order to get a better grasp of urban biodiversity patterns. A variety of factors can have an impact on biodiversity in cities, but both comparative and experimental studies are needed to test the importance of different causes which influence the course of the so-called ‘braided stream’ and determine whether they result in recognisable patterns. The complexities of urban landscapes makes it imperative to make progress in a number of areas, particularly how one views the urban landscape.

Keywords:   urban landscapes, vegetation, wildlife, urban habitats, urban ecosystems, biodiversity, cities, braided stream

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