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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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(p.133) Introduction
Urban Ecology

Nancy E. McIntyre

Oxford University Press

This section deals with ecology of cities, with an emphasis on processes that affect the biodiversity of flora and vegetation in urban environments. Adopting an explicitly taxonomic-centred view, it focuses mainly on plants, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and arthropods in urban ecosystems. It consists of five chapters that emphasise the ecology ‘of’ cities rather than the ecology ‘in’ cities and examines the impact of urbanisation on ecological processes. The chapters also explore organism-environment relations within cities, whereby the inhabitants must adapt to habitat disturbance and fragmentation, live in sympatry with introduced species, and cope with selective pressures, including direct and indirect interactions with humans.

Keywords:   ecology of cities, flora, vegetation, biodiversity, plants, arthropods, urban ecosystems, urbanisation, humans, introduced species

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