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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.191) Introduction
Source:
Urban Ecology
Author(s):

Thomas Elmqvist

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0023

This section focuses on ecosystems, ecosystem services, and social systems in urban landscapes. It consists of five chapters that explore the complexity of urban social-ecological systems and the relationship between humans and ecosystems. In addition, the chapters consider ecosystem services from a global perspective and ask whether urbanisation is good or bad for the environment; argue that cities are connected social, cultural, and ecological systems; and emphasise the need for a holistic approach to governance and management. The section explains how the ecosystem approach can be used as a strategy for the integrated management of land, water, and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. It also highlights the close cultural connection between urban settlements and wetland systems and argues that the ecosystem approach is also ideal for improved management and governance of constructed wetlands. Finally, it considers ecosystem services in the context of urban planning.

Keywords:   ecosystems, ecosystem services, social systems, urban landscapes, humans, urbanisation, ecosystem approach, integrated management, wetlands, urban planning

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