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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

The Urban Landscape as a Social-Ecological System for Governance of Ecosystem Services

The Urban Landscape as a Social-Ecological System for Governance of Ecosystem Services

(p.213) Chapter 4.3 The Urban Landscape as a Social-Ecological System for Governance of Ecosystem Services
Urban Ecology

Christine Alfsen

Ashley Duval

Thomas Elmqvist

Oxford University Press

Today, cities are facing enormous challenges, e.g. climate change and transformation to a future beyond fossil fuels. Urban ecosystems generate ecosystem services, many of which are crucial for the well-being of urban citizens. The urban landscapes are truly interconnected social, cultural, and ecological systems and the place to begin developing new forms of governance based on integrated and cross-sectoral responses to global challenges. A number of global and international initiatives are starting to merge linking municipalities around nature conservation goals. Among them, this chapter describes the UNESCO URBIS Initiative, which promotes science and knowledge for sustainability and resilience, education for empowerment, and change and land use planning for mediation and conflict resolution in the urban landscape. What is proposed is to elaborate a set of methodologies, discourses, and planning tools ranging from global to local scales, recognizing that: firstly, cultural and biological diversity is key to resilience of social, economic, and ecological systems; secondly, knowledge either scientific or local is key to management; thirdly, education is the main conduit for mainstreaming and empowering communities; and finally, equitable access to land and resources is key to successful adaptive management.

Keywords:   urban ecosystems, adaptive management, governance, cultural diversity, biological diversity

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