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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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Urban Ecology

Thomas Elmqvist

Oxford University Press

This section has examined how urban ecosystems work, how they change, and what limits their performance; how the constantly evolving urban landscapes around the world result in human modifications, metabolic flows, networks, and built structures; and the role of urban ecosystems in facilitating a transition to a future beyond fossil fuels and reducing the adverse effects of climate change. It has explained how ecosystems provide flexibility in urban landscapes and how the concept of ecosystem services can be used to elucidate the impact of biodiversity and ecosystems to human well-being. In addition, the chapters in this section have considered urban resilience and the pathways to sustainable urban development.

Keywords:   urban ecosystems, urban landscapes, ecosystem services, biodiversity, resilience, urban development, climate change

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