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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021



(p.243) Introduction
Urban Ecology

Philip James

Oxford University Press

This section examines urban design, planning, and management by considering lessons from ecology. It discusses the challenges faced by urbanites in the early twenty-first century, how knowledge and understanding of urban ecology can help address these challenges, and what the landscapes of cities in the near and mid-term future might look like. The section consists of six chapters that present case studies to illustrate how knowledge of ecology can be incorporated into urban planning and management. It takes a holistic view of the relationship between ecological and social and cultural features present within urban environments, presents a ‘framework for urban ecology’, and analyses the role of urban greenspaces in public health approaches. It also looks at the main principles of green infrastructure planning and their relationship to urban ecological theory, the inter-dependency of social and ecological systems, and mechanisms for enhancing biodiversity within cities.

Keywords:   urban design, urban planning, urban ecology, urban greenspaces, public health, green infrastructure planning, urban ecological theory, biodiversity

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