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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Multifunctional Green Infrastructure Planning to Promote Ecological Services in the City

Multifunctional Green Infrastructure Planning to Promote Ecological Services in the City

(p.272) Chapter 5.3 Multifunctional Green Infrastructure Planning to Promote Ecological Services in the City
Urban Ecology

Stephan Pauleit

Li Liu

Jack Ahern

Aleksandra Kazmierczak

Oxford University Press

The concept of urban green infrastructure advocates the planning of multifunctional green networks which contribute to the sustainable development of urban areas by promoting biodiversity and providing essential ecosystem services. The chapter introduces multifunctionality, connectivity, and adoption of integrated, long-term and strategic planning as major principles of urban green infrastructure. Two case studies are used to explore the potentials of the approach at site and city levels. The example of the ‘SEA Street’ in Seattle, US, shows how redesign of a residential street for stormwater management via a surface drainage system can achieve multiple benefits by reducing the pressure on the sewage system, calming traffic in a new street layout, as well as increasing the aesthetic quality of the area and its biodiversity through naturalistic plantings. Redesign of the street in close cooperation with the residents resulted in an improved sense of ownership and stewardship. In the Greater Manchester conurbation, UK, initially, a research project impressively showed the potential for climate change adaptation via development of the green infrastructure. A complementary study developed a spatial and strategic guide to habitat creation and repair. These projects formed an important driver and input into the development of Greater Manchester’s green infrastructure strategy. It is concluded that green infrastructure holds considerable potential to advance adoption of ecological practice in urban planning and design by adopting and implementing a truly inter- and transdisciplinary approach.

Keywords:   green infrastructure, urban planning, ecosystem services, multifunctionality, climate change, stormwater management

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