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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Building for Biodiversity: Accommodating People and Wildlife in Cities

Building for Biodiversity: Accommodating People and Wildlife in Cities

(p.286) Chapter 5.4 Building for Biodiversity: Accommodating People and Wildlife in Cities
Urban Ecology

Jon Sadler

Adam Bates

Rossa Donovan

Stefan Bodnar

Oxford University Press

The intensification of land-use in towns and cities has increased the pressure on urban green infrastructure (e.g. relict habitats, parks, and gardens) and ecosystem services. Developing urban areas in ways that are both ecologically and socially acceptable, without strongly compromising the viability of green infrastructure is challenging. UK planning policy and environmental legislation increasingly incorporate the protection of green infrastructure and urban biodiversity in a coherent hierarchical fashion through a range of measures (e.g. planning policy statements, sites of local importance for nature conservation). Policies are operationalised through the idea of critical and constant environmental capital, with developments usually allowed on less valuable sites providing appropriate mitigation for the loss of green infrastructure are incorporated. In practise, holistic biodiversity planning is difficult to achieve given the multitude of land owners and competing factors in the development process, particularly as planning mitigation usually takes place on a site by site basis. Truly sustainable mitigation will usually align with people’s sense of scenic beauty and amenity, will require design compromise, and will be considered throughout the development process. This chapter describes a variety of generic and site-specific mitigation measures (e.g. bird boxes, built-in bat boxes, and wildlflower lawns), and provides a more detailed example of a best practise development timeline for the development of a type of green roof designed to emulate brownfield habitat (brown roof).

Keywords:   Brownfield, brown roof, green infrustructure, green roof, planning mitigation, urban biodiversity

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