Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021



(p.317) Summary
Urban Ecology

Philip James

Oxford University Press

The concept of balance has emerged as a means to link social systems with ecological systems and to address a tricky ecological issue, that of scale. Behavioural economics tackles the perceived shortcomings of traditional economics and challenges the conventional assumption that people act out of self-interest, act independently of others, and make rational decisions. Behavioural economics emphasises the importance of framing the issue because it plays a significant role in decision-making. The main lesson that can be derived from this section is that we have the ecological knowledge to address the major ecological issues facing us at the start of the twenty-first century, particularly those related to human health, food shortage, and climate change.

Keywords:   balance, social systems, ecological systems, scale, behavioural economics, decision-making, human health, food shortage, climate change

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .