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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Hydrology of Urban Environments

Hydrology of Urban Environments

(p.59) Chapter 1.4 Hydrology of Urban Environments
Urban Ecology

Marc Illgen

Oxford University Press

The chapter describes the general hydrological processes and phenomena of urban environments. The major components of the urban water cycle, together with the processes occurring between atmosphere, surface, and subsurface are explained in the context of land use characteristics. In particular the fundamental physical processes of precipitation, evaporation, infiltration, soil water transport, and surface runoff are pointed out. With regard to the specific infiltration and runoff performance of urban surfaces the stormwater retention capacities of paved and unpaved surfaces are specified. Characteristic values of the particular water balance components on an annual basis as well as event-based runoff coefficients are outlined for several types of typical urban surfaces, reflecting the interactions between the atmospheric impact by rainfall and the hydrological phenomena on urban areas.

Keywords:   urban hydrology, urban water cycle, water balance, rainfall, infiltration, evaporation, runoff coefficient, soil water, pavement

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