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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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Urban Ecology

Jürgen H. Breuste

Oxford University Press

This section has provided an overview of the basic physical elements of urban ecosystems: climate, water, and soil. It has discussed the impact of human activities on these elements and how they are connected to the idea of land use as a key factor that drives ecologically relevant change. It has also emphasised the importance of the relationships between land use and urban form and the ecosystem process, how they influence urban ecosystem processes, and how they can be influenced by urban planning. In addition, it has considered the interaction between urban grey and urban green, along with the ecological relevance and physical functionality of the former; the impact of paved and built surfaces on urban climate, the urban heat island phenomenon, and urban hydrology; the stormwater retention capacities of paved and unpaved surfaces, which affect the surface runoff process; and water balance components.

Keywords:   urban ecosystems, climate, water, soil, land use, urban planning, urban grey, urban green, hydrology, stormwater retention

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