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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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(p.75) Introduction
Urban Ecology

Glenn R. Guntenspergen

Oxford University Press

This section focuses on the adaptability of species to the abiotic conditions and built structures in urban environments, and how they are affected by human subsidies. It consists of five chapters that explore unique habitat types and offers insights into patterns of plant and animal biodiversity in urban environments. Using wetland habitats and a worldwide comparative approach as a framework, they assess the impacts of urbanisation on the composition and diversity of plant communities, how urbanisation alters the fundamental controls affecting vegetation structure, habitat transformation, habitat fragmentation, the biodiversity of urban wildlife populations and human influences on their abundance and structure, how common species in different cities have adapted to urban ecosystems, and human-wildlife conflicts.

Keywords:   abiotic conditions, urban environments, biodiversity, wetland habitats, urbanisation, plant communities, vegetation, habitat fragmentation, wildlife, urban ecosystems

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