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Evidence-based Public HealthEffectiveness and efficiency$
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Amanda Killoran and Mike P. Kelly

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563623

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.001.0001

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Built environment: walkability of neighbourhoods

Built environment: walkability of neighbourhoods

(p.298) Chapter 19 Built environment: walkability of neighbourhoods
Evidence-based Public Health

Klaus Gebel

Adrian E Bauman

Fiona C Bull

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the progress and issues in generating an evidence base to inform policy and practice in the area of environmental interventions and physical activity. It begins by reviewing some of the broader issues related to the nature of evidence and research in this field. It then describes a framework of ‘evidence’, specifically: summarizing the available evidence using recent review papers and original studies published in the peer-reviewed literature; and considering other ‘forms of evidence’ that might be available and usually missed by reviews based solely on publications in the peer reviewed literature. The chapter reconsiders the ‘evidence base’ and the reasons for the recent policy response. Gaps in research evidence in this area of public health are also presented to provide direction to what future research is needed, but also to highlight the limitations of the current evidence base.

Keywords:   evidence base, public health, health policy, environmental interventions, physical activity

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