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Keys to First CorinthiansRevisiting the Major Issues$
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Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199564156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564156.001.0001

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House Churches and the Eucharist

House Churches and the Eucharist

(p.182) 12 House Churches and the Eucharist
Keys to First Corinthians

Jerome Murphy‐O'Connor

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the divisions which developed at Corinth when the whole church celebrated the eucharist (1 Cor 11: 17–34) were due to the fact that the entire community of 40–50 could not be accomodated in a single room. None was big enough. Thus the wealthy friends of the host reclined comfortably in the heated triclinium ‘dining room’, while the poorer members of the community had to make do with seats in the cold atrium. Moreover the two groups may have received different quality food and drink. The validity of the example proposed, the villa at Anaploga, was criticized by D. Horrell. Thus the Postscript extends the investigation to the Terrace Houses at Ephesus, which are the same type of upper middle‐class homes that Paul required for the liturgical assembly.

Keywords:   1 Cor 11: 17–34, eucharist, house, room size, Horrell, Anaploga, terrace houses, Ephesus

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