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Parenting in England 1760-1830Emotion, Identity, and Generation$
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Joanne Bailey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199565191

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565191.001.0001

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Transferring Family Values

Transferring Family Values

(p.174) 7 Transferring Family Values
Parenting in England 1760-1830

Joanne Bailey

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses upon parents’ role in transferring values to their children, a practice that was not gender‐specific. The most frequently mentioned family values were piety, virtue, industriousness, filial duty and domesticity. Parents saw piety as a manner of thinking and living that would bring their offspring happiness in life and after. Industriousness was a means by which the middle‐classes assessed their own worth, thus parents told children it would improve them as individuals. Filial duty was promoted through reciprocity: children owed their support to parents when they were old as gratitude for their care and love. Domesticity was nurtured as a family identity, found in motifs that were symbolic of home and a united family: snug fireside and family circle. Its cultivation helped parents and children communicate with each other about themselves; a family concept that sustained a notion of family, representing safety and security in changing world.

Keywords:   parenting, family values, generation, piety, virtue, industriousness, filial duty, domesticity, parent‐child reciprocity, security

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