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Contested StatehoodKosovo's Struggle for Independence$
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Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566167

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.001.0001

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International Administration and Moves Towards Final Status

International Administration and Moves Towards Final Status

(p.179) 11 International Administration and Moves Towards Final Status
Contested Statehood

Marc Weller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In compliance with Resolution 1244 (1999), Kosovo was placed under international administration, and the constitutional framework of 15 May 2000 provided for conditional self-government. Kosovo-wide institutions enjoyed powers which extended to most aspects of public policy; although certain core ‘powers and responsibilities’ were reserved for the SRSG, in practice these were exercised in cooperation with the Kosovo institutions, signaling a gradual transfer of powers. However, the constitutional framework could not overcome two structural deficiencies: the ineffectiveness of international administration and ethnic relations. In 2002, the UN Secretary-General introduced a benchmarks process in preparation of status talks. However, this ‘standards before status’ policy was overshadowed by the March 2004 riots and the subsequent Eide reports, which called for accelerated transfer of power to the Kosovo institutions and immediate action on status. On 24 October, the Security Council authorized commencement of the status process, to be headed by Special Envoy Martti Ahtisaari.

Keywords:   standards before status, Resolution 1244, framework constitution, Eide reports, Martti Ahtisaari

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