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Contested StatehoodKosovo's Struggle for Independence$
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Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566167

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.001.0001

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The Developing Humanitarian Emergency

The Developing Humanitarian Emergency

(p.66) 5 The Developing Humanitarian Emergency
Contested Statehood

Marc Weller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with the human rights situation in Kosovo during the period immediately preceding NATO intervention in 1999, when Serbian/FRY policy shifted from a programme of legislative discrimination to one of military assault. Although purportedly directed against an increasingly militant KLA, FRY/Serbian ‘counter-insurgency’ operations had devastating consequences for the civilian population and led to massive displacements. The chapter assesses the response of international agencies to the humanitarian crisis and suggests that, unlike previous large-scale humanitarian operations, the lead role assumed by the UNHCR meant that coordination and planning was well effected, at least in the early phases. The important role of the ICRC is also noted. The chapter then examines the role played by sanctions in the Kosovo crisis, tracing their recent usage, their impact on the Yugoslav conflict more generally and, finally, the reasons behind the relative ineffectiveness of Resolution 1160 (1998).

Keywords:   human rights, humanitarian, agencies, ICRC, UNHCR, EU, UN, sanctions

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