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Contested StatehoodKosovo's Struggle for Independence$
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Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566167

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.001.0001

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The Outbreak of Violence and the Hill Negotiations

The Outbreak of Violence and the Hill Negotiations

(p.76) 6 The Outbreak of Violence and the Hill Negotiations
Contested Statehood

Marc Weller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the gradual escalation of the Kosovo crisis in the aftermath of the Dayton accords. Fearing potential engagement of neighbouring Macedonia and/or Albania, the international community sought to engage with the crisis in a number of ways: through a limited EU presence; pressure to restore the Long-term Mission in Kosovo; high-level diplomacy undertaken by the Contact Group; a joint US, Russian, and EU observer mission (KDOM); and, decisively, the adoption of UN Chapter VII resolutions threatening further sanctions and the possible use of force against Yugoslavia. The chapter then turns to international attempts to settle the conflict, initially through the multilateral shuttle diplomacy of the Hill negotiations and then through the parallel bilateral deal reached between Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and FRY President Slobodan Milosevic. However, Kosovo's exclusion from the latter and subsequent FRY/Serbian rejection of the Hill drafts was seen by the Kosovars as an attempt to undermine the internationalized Hill process, a perspective exacerbate by the FRY/Serbian renewed military offensive over Christmas.

Keywords:   EU, OSCE, Contact Group, UN, resolutions, Chapter VII, Hill, Holbrooke

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