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Contested StatehoodKosovo's Struggle for Independence$
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Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566167

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566167.001.0001

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The Rambouillet Conference

The Rambouillet Conference

(p.107) 8 The Rambouillet Conference
Contested Statehood

Marc Weller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter covers the Rambouillet conference, a unique example of ‘enforced negotiation’. On 29 January 1999, the Contact Group issued its summons to the parties to negotiate, backed by a North Atlantic Council (NAC) threat to use force to ensure compliance. Legitimacy for such action was arguably enshrined in the doctrines of forcible or preventative humanitarian action. The negotiations themselves built upon the Contact Group ‘non-negotiable principles’, which resembled Belgrade's earlier 11-point framework. It is argued that this rendered the respective negotiating positions of the two parties unequal, and other such structural inequalities are also noted, e.g., international emphasis on territorial integrity and sovereignty, and Russia's role as a ‘committed’ FRY negotiator. The chapter then narrates the complex dynamics of the negotiations, deconstructing in detail the provisions of the resulting Interim Agreement for Peace and Self-Government in Kosovo, due to be signed at a follow-on conference in March.

Keywords:   enforced negotiations, NATO, interim agreement, Contact Group, US, Russia

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