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Sleep, Health and SocietyFrom Aetiology to Public Health$
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Francesco P. Cappuccio, Michelle A. Miller, and Steven W. Lockley

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.001.0001

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Sleep and death

Sleep and death

(p.50) Chapter 4 Sleep and death
Sleep, Health and Society

J.E. Ferrie

M. Kivimäki

M. Shipley

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines epidemiological evidence on associations between sleep and death in adults. It includes coverage of associations between sleep duration and mortality. Additional sections document evidence on associations with premature death for seven of the eight categories of sleep disorders included in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders: insomnia, parasomnia, hypersomnia, sleep-related breathing disorder, sleep-related movement disorder, circadian rhythm sleep disorder, and other sleep disorders. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of the implications of these findings for health policy and health promotion. Consistent evidence suggests an increased risk of mortality at both the short and long ends of the sleep duration distribution, with evidence accumulating that the highest risk is among the long sleepers. However, debate remains with regard to the ‘independent’ contribution of sleep itself to premature death. In population health terms fatal accidents resulting from excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue are probably the most serious sleep-related public health problems.

Keywords:   sleep duration, sleep disorders, sleep-related diseases, mortality, fatal accidents

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