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Sleep, Health and SocietyFrom Aetiology to Public Health$
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Francesco P. Cappuccio, Michelle A. Miller, and Steven W. Lockley

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.001.0001

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Sleep and neurological disorders

Sleep and neurological disorders

Chapter:
(p.191) Chapter 9 Sleep and neurological disorders
Source:
Sleep, Health and Society
Author(s):

D.A. Cohen

A. Roy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0009

While sleep affects the functioning of multiple organ systems, it is fundamentally a neurological process. This chapter provides a conceptual framework for understanding the reciprocal interactions between neurological disease and sleep disorders; diseases at multiple levels of the nervous system disrupt sleep related processes, and sleep disorders in turn may worsen neuropathology by interfering with neuroplasticity as well as immune, endothelial, and metabolic function. Major categories of neurological disease and conditions are included (dementia, stroke, seizure, multiple sclerosis, etc.) with emphasis on the incidence of specific sleep disorders, the potential mechanisms involved, and specific treatment considerations in this population.

Keywords:   sleep, circadian, dementia, neurodegenerative, trauma, stroke, seizure, headache, neuromuscular, multiple sclerosis

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