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Multiplying Worlds – Romanticism, Modernity, and the Emergence of Virtual Reality - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Multiplying Worlds: Romanticism, Modernity, and the Emergence of Virtual Reality

Peter Otto


This book argues that modern forms of virtual reality first appear in the urban/commercial milieu of London in the late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century (1780–1830). In so doing, it develops a revisionary account of relations between romanticism and popular entertainments, ‘high’ and ‘low’ literature, and verbal and visual virtual realities during this period. The argument is divided into three parts. The first, ‘From the Actual to the Virtual’, focuses on developments from 1780 to 1795, as represented by Robert Barker's Panorama, Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon, and James Graham's Temple ... More

Keywords: panorama, virtual reality, popular entertainments, romanticism, modernity, William Wordsworth, William Blake, Robert Barker, Thomas Hornor, Jeremy Bentham

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199567676
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567676.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Peter Otto, author
Professor of English Literary Studies, University of Melbourne
Author Webpage

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