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Animal MigrationA Synthesis$
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E.J. Milner-Gulland, John M. Fryxell, and Anthony R.E. Sinclair

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199568994

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.001.0001

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Pastoral migration: mobile systems of livestock husbandry

Pastoral migration: mobile systems of livestock husbandry

(p.144) Chapter 10 Pastoral migration: mobile systems of livestock husbandry
Animal Migration

Roy H. Behnke

Maria E. Fernandez‐Gimenez

Matthew D. Turner

Florian Stammler

Oxford University Press

Spatial resource gradients, processes of plant maturation, and grass-grazer interactions are among the biophysical factors that structure ungulate movement systems, irrespective of whether the animals are domesticated or wild. Not only do pastoralists move their herds in response to these constraints and opportunities, but also to achieve a variety of cultural, social, and economic goals. Density dependent theories of habitat selection provide only a partial explanation for land use systems that must balance the need to distribute livestock with respect to available resources with the restrictions of property rights and administrative boundaries. This chapter considers the social and economic constraints and incentives that influence livestock movements, using several case studies of contemporary domestic livestock systems (in the Sahel, Mongolia, and the Arctic). In so doing, it aims to develop an understanding of livestock mobility that recognises but does not exaggerate the biological processes that underpin this distinctive form of agricultural production.

Keywords:   pastoralism, Sahel, Mongolia, Arctic herding, habitat selection, nomadism

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