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Political Imprisonment and the Irish, 1912-1921$
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William Murphy

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199569076

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569076.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2021

‘Home Rule within the Empire’

‘Home Rule within the Empire’

November 1920–June 1921

(p.193) 9 ‘Home Rule within the Empire’
Political Imprisonment and the Irish, 1912-1921

William Murphy

Oxford University Press

If arrested, the suspected Irish rebel of 1921 faced an increasingly diverse, yet interdependent, ‘carceral archipelago’. November 1920 marked a turning point; then the authorities decided to open internment camps, facilitating the extensive use of imprisonment without trial. This chapter charts the development in Ireland of this system of military-managed camps, including Ballykinlar, the Curragh, Spike Island, and Bere Island, and it analyses the experiences of the internees. This did not facilitate a decrease in the numbers held in Irish civil prisons, while the systems of England and Scotland were used more often to quarantine away the most troublesome convicts. The Irish prison administration continued to struggle with a dangerous and militant prison population and, as the situation in the country worsened, prison staff became more aware of their vulnerability. The executions of some military convicts further contributed to a tense atmosphere in and around Irish prisons.

Keywords:   Internment, Ballykinlar, the Curragh, Spike Island, Bere Island, England, Scotland, executions, staff

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