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God's InstrumentsPolitical Conduct in the England of Oliver Cromwell$
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Blair Worden

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199570492

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570492.001.0001

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Cromwell and the Protectorate

Cromwell and the Protectorate

(p.230) 6 Cromwell and the Protectorate
God's Instruments

Blair Worden

Oxford University Press

The Cromwellian protectorate of 1653–9 is normally seen as a more broadly based and secure regime than the republican governments on either side of it. While the return to single rule, and conciliatory measures of the regime, did give him some advantages, there is another side to the story, which the chapter examines. By becoming protector through a military coup Cromwell did not merely affront civilian principles of government. He shattered the principle of parliamentary sovereignty on which the key political decisions of 1642, when parliament went to war, and 1649, when the monarchy was abolished, rested. The result was a widespread hostility across the parliamentary party which he never overcame.

Keywords:   Cromwell, protector, parliament, army, military

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