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Obesity EpidemiologyFrom Aetiology to Public Health$
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David Crawford, Robert W. Jeffery, Kylie Ball, and Johannes Brug

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199571512

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.001.0001

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What role can urban planning and transportation policy play in the prevention of obesity?

What role can urban planning and transportation policy play in the prevention of obesity?

Chapter:
(p.353) Chapter 20 What role can urban planning and transportation policy play in the prevention of obesity?
Source:
Obesity Epidemiology
Author(s):

Tim G. Townshend

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0020

Urban planning — the process by which built environments are shaped and managed — aims to balance social, economic, and environmental concerns and needs. Public health was once central to this dynamic. However, in the decades following de-industrialization in developed countries, it became eclipsed by the exigencies of economic regeneration, and renewal and health were considered only in relation to issues such as pollution and contaminated land. Over the past two decades, however, there has been an increasing awareness that urban planning needs to re-engage with broader issues of health. Indeed, there have been suggestions that there is evidence to implicate the built environment as a factor in the obesity epidemic. This chapter explores those aspects of the obesity crisis on which planning and transportation policies may have a direct influence. It examines international research but mainly looks at how planning might respond from a British perspective. It is hoped, however, that the principles and policies discussed can be translated to other planning systems and structures.

Keywords:   urban planning, public health policy, obesity prevention, obesity control, built environment

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