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The Unfinished Democratization of Europe$
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Erik O. Eriksen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572519

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.001.0001

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The Cosmopolitan Dimension

The Cosmopolitan Dimension

(p.102) Chapter 6 The Cosmopolitan Dimension
The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Erik O. Eriksen

Oxford University Press

The parameters of power politics have changed in Europe, and the EU exports the rule of law, democracy, and human rights worldwide. The threat of force is needed to ensure equal rights for all but can only find justification when used to protect human rights. Hence the defining feature of a legitimate polity cannot be the absence of military force. The criterion for judging the polity's normative quality should rather be derived from cosmopolitanism, that is, whether it subjects its actions to the constraints of a higher‐ranking law. This chapter establishes this criterion, its theoretical and institutional underpinnings, and provisionally assesses whether the EU in fact complies with it.

Keywords:   European Union, cosmopolitanism, CFSP, international relations, threat of force, higher‐ranking law

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