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The Unfinished Democratization of Europe$
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Erik O. Eriksen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572519

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572519.001.0001

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Government or Transnational Governance?

Government or Transnational Governance?

(p.155) Chapter 8 Government or Transnational Governance?
The Unfinished Democratization of Europe

Erik O. Eriksen

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the prospects for democratizing transnational governance structures and asks whether democracy can be disassociated from government. Hierarchical government is increasingly supplanted by policy networks, epistemic communities and committees, and other arrangements for common problem‐solving. The exercise of authority is no longer exclusively governmental as the generation of norms takes place transnationally via practices of governance in spontaneous coordination processes, in committees and networks. The White Paper on European Governance suggests networking and partnership models of integration as a means to bring the EU closer to its citizens. These may help in rationalizing policymaking and implementation but, it is contended, do not contribute much to close the legitimacy gap. On the contrary, their effects on legitimacy may be perverse. The chapter examines the strengths and weaknesses of transnational governance and reconceptualizes government as opposed to both governance and state‐based perspectives on post‐national democracy.

Keywords:   European Union, transnational governance, government vs. governance, White Paper on European governance, nation, democratization, globalization, epistemic deliberation

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